Multicriteria group decision making via generalized trapezoidal intuitionistic fuzzy number-based novel similarity measure and its application to diverse COVID-19 scenarios

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Havoc, brutality, economic breakdown, and vulnerability are the terms that can be rightly associated with COVID-19, for the kind of impact it is having on the whole world for the last two years. COVID-19 came as a nightmare and it is still not over yet, changing its form factor with each mutation. Moreover, each unpredictable mutation causes more severeness. In the present article, we outline a decision support algorithm using Generalized Trapezoidal Intuitionistic Fuzzy Numbers (GTrIFNs) to deal with various facets of COVID-19 problems. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IFSs) and their continuous counterparts, viz., the intuitionistic fuzzy numbers (IFNs), have the flexibility and effectiveness to handle the uncertainty and fuzziness associated with real-world problems. Although a meticulous amount of research works can be found in the literature, a wide majority of them are based mainly on normalized IFNs rather than the more generalized approach, and most of them had several limitations. Therefore, we have made a sincere attempt to devise a novel Similarity Measure (SM) which considers the evaluation of two prominent features of GTrIFNs, which are their expected values and variances. Then, to establish the superiority of our approach we present a comparative analysis of our method with several other established similarity methods considering ten different profiles of GTrIFNs. The proposed SM is then validated for feasibility and applicability, by elaborating a Fuzzy Multicriteria Group Decision Making (FMCGDM) algorithm and it is supportedby a suitable illustrative example. Finally, the proposed SM approach is applied to tackle some significant concerns due to COVID-19. For instance, problems like the selection of best medicine for COVID-19 infected patients; proper healthcare waste disposal technique; and topmost government intervention measures to prevent the COVID-19 spread, are some of the burning issues which are handled with our newly proposed SM approach.

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