Multi-order texture features for palmprint recognition

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Palmprint attracts increasing attention thanks to its several advantages. 1st-order textures have been widely used for palmprint recognition; unfortunately, high-order textures, although they are also discriminative, were ignored in the existing works. 2nd-order textures are first employed for palmprint recognition in this paper. 1st-order textures are convolved with the filters to extract 2nd-order textures that can refine the texture information and improve the contrast of the feature map. Then 2nd-order textures are used to generate 2nd-order Texture Co-occurrence Code (2TCC). The sufficient experiments demonstrate that 2TCC yields satisfactory accuracy performance on four public databases, including contact, contactless and multi-spectral acquisition types. Moreover, in order to further improve the discrimination and robustness of 2TCC, we propose Multiple-order Texture Co-occurrence Code (MTCC), in which 1st-order Texture Co-occurrence Code (1TCC) and 2TCC are fused at score level. 1TCC is good at describing minor wrinkles; while 2TCC does well in describing principal textures. Thus the combination of both can describe the palmprint features more comprehensively. MTCC achieves remarkable accuracy performance when compared with the state-of-the-art methods on all public databases.


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